India is undergoing a transition from semi urban to urban majority society. The urban population (31.2 per cent ias per 2011 census) has gone up between 35 to 50 percent in 2018 as per different assessment methods applied by countries across the world. The 74th Constitution Amendment Act of 1993 has introduced empowerment of urban local bodies (ULBs) along with follow up actions at different levels of governance. Yet, there are significant disconnects in terms of regional imbalance, concentration of population in select areas/towns, growing size of underserviced areas, absence of city government in census towns, lack of decentralization below the town hall, gap in policy and planning and barriers in urban mobility and disaster preparedness. In this regard, it is important to see that the process of urban development is smooth, productive, pro-poor, environment friendly and sustainable .It is in this context that the stream covers overview on urban governance, urban sector policies and institutions, laws, rules and regulations, planning ,finance, housing, services and smart solutions. A set of models and innovations applied under mission based approach of urban governance are analysed for wider adaptation. Finally, the stream provides a generic agenda on instruments and institutions for inclusive and sustainable development of urban areas.