PUBLIC POLICY RESPONSE–POST COVID-19

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It is very important that the policymakers and implementers are aware of the latest developments in the field of public policy process. This course aims at equipping participants to be able to-

(i) analyze the context of public policy process in a democratic set up;

(ii) acquire analytical skills to understand public problems and develop policy responses;

(iii) comprehend the linkages between public polices and policy making institutions; and

(iv) examine some sectoral policies in terms of objectives, processes and outcomes.

 

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 The focus on state intervention through the instrument of Public Policy gained attention of the academics and practitioners alike with the growth in discourse on Good Governance. Each stage of public policy has significance and its success or failure is dependent on the comprehensive understanding of the challenges at each stage by the policy makers and the implementers. In a democratic set up the public policies have to respond to multiple stakeholders and the rising awareness and aspirations of the citizens are putting further pressures on the policy apparatus. At the same time, public policies are increasingly having conflicting linkages within the system as well. Additionally, the technology has not only brought citizens closure to the government but also put pressure on transparency and accountability mechanisms. While the country has made progress in lot of areas, there is increasing realization that the public policies in India could be more effective. There is need for the policy apparatus, to understand the importance of and pave ways for, the adequate and appropriate policy inputs, articulation of interests of multiple stakeholders, arriving at equilibriums in the bargains, etc.

COVID-19 has brought forth the significance of factoring in the phenomenon of ‘Unknown unknowns’ as well in designing the public policies. We may expect structural changes so that the policy response can be proactive in anticipating the needs/requirements of the citizens and be held accountable on account of less than expected performance.

 

Overview

Curriculum

Session 1: Why does the state intervene

  • Market failure
  • Social failure
  • Governance failure

 

Session 2: Theory of Public Goods and Public Policy

  • Jointness of consumption
  • Excludability
  • Free rider problem
  • How government provides public goods

 

Session 3: Evidence based policy making

  • What is evidence based policy making
  • Rationality
  • Increasing use of data driven evidence
  • Big data and data analytics
  • Evidence is not neutral but can be constructed from divergent perspectives.

 

Session 4: Challenges in Policy Implementation

  • Design issues
  • Constraints- Institutional, Resources, etc.
  • External environment

 

Session 5: The New Normal

  • Challenges in the 21st Century
  • Unknown unknowns
  • Rapid strides in ICTs and related technologies
  • Restructuring of the architecture of policy process
  • Static organizations paving way for dynamic and innovative organizations

 

Session 6: Policy Communication

  • Stakeholders buy-in
  • Information overload
  • Tools for policy communication

 

Session 7: Wicked problems: Public Policy Response to COVID-19

  • What are wicked problems
  • Implications for policy making
  • COVID-19: Multi pronged strategy
    • Health
    • information and communication
    • Delivery of essential services
    • Disaster
    • Economy

 

Session 8: Global Cooperative Policy Framework

  • Global public goods
  • Negotiations in global policy forum
  • Role of non-government actors

 

Session 9: Policy support for MSMEs: CASE STUDY

  • Significance of MSMEs
  • Challenges before MSMEs till last year
  • Impact of COVID 19 on MSMEs

Session 10: Policy Evaluation

    • Purpose
    • Parameters
    • New age techniques

Faculty Contact

  1. Dr. Sachin Chowdhary