This course on Land, Labour and Migration is designed to orient the participants with the land reforms policy and practice in contemporary India. The course will help us to analyse the dynamics of labour market inequality in India. It will provide an understanding of the context, overview and implications of codification of the labour laws in India. It will help to understand the inequalities prevalent in the world of work and the challenges faced by women in the labour market. The course will provide a critical appraisal on labour migration and governance in India





Session 1: Land Reforms Policy and Practice in India

  • Land Reforms Policy and Implementation
  • Abolition of Intermediary Tenures
  • Tenancy Reforms
  • Ceiling on Agricultural landholdings
  • Bhoodan Land
  • Distribution of Government Waste Land
  • Consolidation of Landholdings
  • Updating Land Records
  • Landholdings Status of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
  • Land Rights of Women
  • Implementation of Some Innovative Land Redistribution Schemes: A Case Study
  • Conclusions and Future Policy Direction


Session 2: Digital India-Land Records Modernisation Programme (DI-LRM): A Public Policy Analysis

  • Historical backdrop towards Computerization of Land Records in India
  • Strengthening of Revenue Administration and Updating of Land Records (SRA & ULR) (1987-88)
  • Computerisation of Land Records (CLR) (1988-89)
  • National Land Records Modernisation Programme (NLRMP)/ Digital India-Land Records Modernisation Programme (DI-LRMP) 2008/2016
  • Components of DI-LRMP
  • Progress of Implementation of the DI-LRMP- Physical and Financial Progress
  • Issues in the Process of Implementation of the DI-LRMP
  • Steps initiated for improvement in the implementation of the DILRMP Scheme
  • Conclusion and Policy Recommendation

Session 3: Land Alienation, Displacement and Migration

  • Land and Social Hierarchy
  • Tribal India – Land and People
  • Constitutional Provisions
  • Right to Land
  • Tribal Land Alienation
  • Process of Involuntary Displacement
  • Forced Migration for Economic Survival
  • Extent of Displacement
  • Development induced Displacement
  • Alienation of Tribal Land by Non-tribals
  • Impact of Migration on Tribal Communities
  • Resettlement of the Displaced
  • The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
  • Conclusion


Session 4: Dynamics of Labour Market Inequality in India

  • Labour Market Inequalities: Productivity vs Wages
  • Informalisation
  • Wage Gap between Workers in the Formal Sector
  • Pattern of Labour Migration and Labour Market Inequality
  • Segmentation and Social Discrimination
  • Policy Implication
  • Conclusion


Session 5:  Labour Law Reforms in India

  • Labour Law related Constitutional Provisions and Regulations
  • Codification of Labour Laws in India
  • The Code on Wages, 2019
  • The Industrial Relations Code, 2019 (Draft)
  • The Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2019 (Draft
  • The Social Security Code, 2019 (Draft)
  • Enforcement Mechanism under various Labour Codes
  • Issues in Labour Law Reforms
  • Conclusion


Session 6: Dynamics of Migration: Concepts and Theories

  • Migration Theories
  • Relationship between Circular Migration and Development
  • Locating Migration within Livelihood Framework
  • Dominant Theories of Circular Migration in India
  • Migration, Social Structure, and Policy
  • Migration, Remittances and Inequality
  • Distress Migration and Urban Decay
  • Undocumented and Invisible
  • Contemporary Forms of Circular Migration
  • Coping and Accumulative Migration
  • Creating a Migrant-Friendly Policy Environment
  • Conclusion


Session 7: Internal Labour Migration in India: Trends and Patterns

  • Migration and Urban Growth
  • Rural to Rural Migration
  • Inter-state Migration
  • Forced Population Displacement
  • Migration and Social Conflict
  • Conclusion


Session 8: Migration and Gender in India

  • Male and Female Migration
  • Patterns and Determinants of Female Migration
  • Interconnection of Migration, Gender and Caste
  • Spatial Pattern of Migration
  • Gendered Patterns of labour Migration
  • Reasons for Migration
  • Educational status of Female Migrants
  • Economic Participation Rate of Female Migrants
  • Determinants of Female Migration
  • Economic Factors
  • Socio-Cultural and Demographic factors
  • Conclusion


Session 9: Labour Migration in India: Trends and Characteristics

  • Labour migration: trends and patterns across regions
  • Economic and religious characteristics of Labour Migrants
  • Migration and Education Attainment
  • Migration and Labour Market Outcomes
  • Industrial Distribution of Migrant and Non-Migrant Workers
  • Migrant Wage Earnings
  • Conclusion


Session 10: Migration and Reverse Migration amidst COVID-19: Emerging Issues and Challenges

  • Source and Destination Streams in different Regions of India
  • Old and New Forms of Subjugation
  • Agrarian Crisis and Migration
  • Effects of the Lockdown
  • Loss of jobs and reverse migration
  • Impact of COVID-19 on the Indigenous People in India
  • Impacts on traditional livelihood of indigenous peoples
  • Migration Policies
  • Migration Commission
  • Conclusion

Faculty Contact

  1. Dr. Gadadhara Mohapatra